Tuesday, March 25, 2014

By Brooks KirchgassnerBrooks is a Legislative Assistant with the Institute and an Associate Faculty member in the Department of Political Science at IUPUI. 

Following legislation allowing Indiana counties the option to eliminate the business personal property tax (without providing replacement revenue), accompanied by another round of corporate income tax cutseven more of the burden of funding critical government services will inherently be shifted towards middle - and low- income families, while local governments are expected to continue to struggle to meet infrastructure and service needs - arguably just as critical to growth as minimizing business costs. Here's a look at the employment picture:

Currently, state and local government employment is down 2.5% since its peak in July 2008. As of January 2014, there were 383,500 jobs in this sector. That's 26,200 fewer than there were during the peak of state and local government employment in July of 2008. Add that to the 19,600 jobs needed to keep up with an average population growth of 4.3% since the job-peak for a total state and local government jobs deficit of 45,800 (Figure A). The total non-farm jobs deficit is 174,700 - that's 32,000 less total jobs since the recession began, plus 142,700 to keep up with an average population growth of 4.3% during the same time period.

You can explore some of the trends yourself with this interactive from Governing magazine on state government employment trends - illustrating notable  declines in corrections, financial administration, hospital staff, and highway positions since the beginning of the recession. And because education employment “accounts for such a large share of public employment", here is state-by-state map displaying "percentage changes in non-education full-time equivalent employment from 2007 to 2012". The author notes that “states with stronger economies tended to add more workers” -  yet, only New Mexico, Oklahoma and Maine saw greater percent reductions than Indiana’s 10.8% loss.

Public sector  job losses and post-recession austerity measures not only have visibly adverse effects on infrastructure, public safety and health investments, the classroom, and other important service and community needs, but also reduce private sector demand, affecting total economic activity.

                        Figure A - State and Local Government Jobs Deficit 
Source: Economic Policy Institute Analysis of Current Employment Statistics and Local Area Unemployment Statistics January 2014

{ 5 comments... read them below or Comment }

  1. I think there's a case to be made here but a few caveats (at least in Indiana): Govt employment in Corrections and Public Welfare may be down because much of the work is being outsourced to private contractors. I don't think our spending on Corrections has gone down. We are locking up more people than ever here in Indiana and other places as well.

  2. Great point, Tom. According to the Governing piece cited in the post: "It’s difficult, though, to gauge just how states managed the decline, most likely they did so via either attrition, layoffs or outsourcing work to contractors."

    It would be interesting to parse this out some more.

  3. Thank you for posting this blog post. I believe that it is indeed the purpose of the Indiana Legislature to cause low income families to bear the brunt of economic downturn - certainly my own representative and senator in west central Indiana could care less about low income families. They believe they only represent business owners, and as such are quite typical of the Lege - which is nowhere so colorful or entertaining as Molly Ivins' Texas Lege. Just boring scarcity/hoarding/miserly consciousness in Indiana.

  4. Mainly because not necessarily everybody may take advantage of participating in on campus job gatherings rather than almost all careers is available within the ranks of the massive multinationals, jobseekers must expand their own opportunity for job search engine, find jobs, investigating various other ways in which they are able to locate careers.

  5. Good info. Cheers regarding providing all of us this type of helpful info. Maintain the nice perform and proceed providing all of us much more quality info from time to time.Careers in Political Science



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